Philippine Studies Group

Education is beautification of the inner world and the outer world

Classes begin in Philippines as education crisis worsens

croMillions of elementary and high school students in the Philippines began classes in the first week of June with the public education system in shambles. There were widespread reports of classroom overcrowding, teacher shortages and a severe lack of textbooks and teaching materials.

The start of classes ushered in the second year of President Benigno S. Aquino Jr.’s much-touted ‘K to 12 Law’ (Republic Act 10533), which has standardized one year of kindergarten across the country and added two years of senior high school, which previously ended at grade 10. College general education courses are being offloaded onto the inbound senior grades of high school. The new curriculum is being rolled out in stages, with full implementation expected by 2016.

Years of underfunding by successive administrations have left the public school system incapable of providing children with a basic education. Aquino, like his predecessors, continues to carry out a socially destructive austerity agenda to meet the demands of international finance capital to cut budget deficits and public debt.

Although the Aquino administration has played up its boosting of education spending to 232 billion pesos ($US5.4 billion), an increase of 44 percent from 2010,

Reforms in the Philippine education system: The K to 12 Program

reformaUALITY education is viewed as any country’s pillar of success.

Restructuring the Philippines’s basic educational system through the K to 12 Program is a tough but strategic move by the government to ensure that it produces competent graduates who can serve as the backbone for a highly skilled and employable work force.

ntroduced in 2011 by the Department of Education (DepEd), headed by Secretary Armin Luistro, FSJ, the K to 12 Program made kindergarten a prerequisite to basic education. It lengthened basic schooling to include a two-year senior high school and offered technical and vocational courses to students not planning to go to college, thus giving them more chances of getting employed in blue-collar work.

The program replaced the 10-year basic education curriculum, which consisted of six years in grade school and four years in high school that concentrated on the English language and Filipino, the sciences, arithmetic and mathematics, and the social sciences.

It also incorporated these basic lessons to include basic science and technology, engineering, mathematics, accountancy, business and management, humanities and social sciences, and general academic courses such as technical-vocational-livelihood, arts and design, and sports.

The implementation of the program has aroused fear among

Philippines’ education crisis far from over -UNESCO

uniscoMANILA, Philippines – The United Nations’ education arm observed how several educational targets for the Philippines are far from being reached even under President Benigno Aquino III.

In financing the sector, a UNESCO representative said in an e-mail exchange with that the Philippine government has not prioritized education as much as it ought to.

While education spending increased from 1999 to 2011 from 13.9 percent to 15 percent, it has not yet reached the target suggested 20 percent of national budget.

Moreover, education is not a significant contributor to the country’s gross national product.

“The share of national income invested in education, which equalled the subregional average in 1999, had fallen behind by 2009 at 2.7 percent of GNP, compared with an average of 3.2 percent for East Asia,” UNESCO said.

Worst out-of-school numbers

Headlines ( Article MRec ), pagematch: 1, sectionmatch: 1

The Philippines also has 1.46 million huge out-of-school population and the number has hardly been improved between 2000 and 2011.

“The Philippines is still in the top ten countries with the highest out of school population … By contrast, Indonesia managed to reduce its out-of-school population by 84

Studying dentistry in the Philippines

Dental assistant reading from file at the dental clinic

One of the most fantastic things about the world in the twenty first century is that so much more of it is accessible – more than ever before. Hundreds of years ago, it was normal for someone to never travel more than ten miles from the place that they were born, and even if they wanted to, it would take months of travel in order to access another continent, and that is if they survived the journey! Nowadays, things could not be more different. It is now possible to fly to distant countries in hours, journeys that would have taken weeks even one hundred years ago, and some people even fly to different countries for day trips! However, the most important change that this has brought to the world is the ability to study in almost any country that you can think of, almost always in the language of English which has become the international language of science and medicine. It doesn’t matter which country you are from, you can always travel and study at

Learning online brought to a whole new level

Your kids would find it as a difficult task to learn the basic concepts of mathematics. Even though some kids can learn those concepts by going through textbooks, most of them find it as a hard task to identify the theories on their own. That’s there interactive online math courses come into play. A wide variety of online math courses are available for such kids and AJT Learning holds a prominent place out of them.

Any parent or school can think about introducing AJT Learning to their kids and pupils. The website contains a variety of topics and interactive video tutorials. Your kids would get the opportunity to learn everything on their own. AJT website is suitable for kids and parents in all age categories. The main objective of the developers of this amazing website is to create a strong mathematics foundation for students and kids who live in every corner of the world. Their efforts can help those children to enhance their problem solving skills and perform well at exams.

The interactive video lessons that you can find in AJT Learning have the ability to enhance the problem solving

Keyword Research

Keyword Density

Keyword density is how lots of keywords used in the article with location to your post title (keyword) are called keyword density. The density of article have to not additional than 2%. In an ideal way, it turn out to be 1.5% to 2.0%. There are a lot of online tools obtainable on the internet to ensure keyword density choose one of them and examine the density of a keyword. For example, you have 100 words of content and you use 10-time keyword n your content than keyword density will be 10%.

When you attempt to create extended tail keyword than not to use more than 7 words or else Google will not show in organic search.

Three things to important to keyword research

Monthly searches for that keyword

Competition for that keyword

Average CPC (cost per click)

Keyword stuffing

When you abuse of a keyword or incessant repeated keyword in the article than it is called keyword stuffing. Do not attempt to employ any type of tricks to comprise stuffing or else you will mark as spam or penalize by Google panda. It also tell

Learn Spanish Spoken Language

Spanish may be the best choice of all for a second language, which is why its popularity in schools is soaring worldwide. As a Spanish conversation NYC, We are excited to organize monthly Spanish classes, as well as Spanish-speaking meet-ups, workshops and outdoor activities at our location in union Square, NYC.

In the U.S., Spanish is rising ahead of any other non-English language at a rapid pace, with a steady flow of new immigrants from Latin America and growth in the already large Hispanic population. According to a Pew Research Center report, an estimated 37.6 million people in the U.S. speak Spanish as their first language and analysts predict the Latino population will reach approximately 128.8 million by 2060, likely making it the largest Spanish speaking country in the world. Proportionally, Hispanics will rise from around 16% of the U.S. population in 2010 to 30% by 2050. There are countless reasons for wanting to improve communications with such a big portion of the country.

With such a large Latino population in the U.S. and booming Latin economies outside the U.S., employers are desperate for people who speak

Important reference books to achieve good results in board exam

Board exams are the most dreaded of times for s student, not to speak of their families. Every student wants to get good marks. With the vast course and changing pattern it is very important to be well versed with the syllabus. Now the question arises – Whether the NCERT books are enough for covering the whole syllabus and getting good marks, or do the students need some other reference books too? CBSE prescribes the NCERT books and thus they are of supreme importance. But, besides NCERT books there are other books that can be referred, to have a better understanding of concepts covered. Each subject plays an important role, thus there are different books catering to each subject. So here is a list of the reference books that can help to brush up your knowledge and concepts.

For mathematics

For mathematics the most famous and popular reference book is Part 1 and Part 2 by R. D. Sharma. It covers a wide range of important problems apart from solved examples giving you a better understanding of the concept. Moreover the range of questions helps you to gain expertise over

More Color In Kids Lit Your Best Picks

Last week, Morning Edition’s David Greene asked 11-year-old Marley Dias about her quest to find more children’s books about black girls.

Her campaign to collect #1000blackgirlbooks has been a big success: Marley now has more than 4,000 books in her library.

Our readers suggested many more titles to add to her list.

Before we get to that, though, we got a great tip on Facebook from Gwenn Mascioli, who suggested checking out the African American Children’s Book Fair website. It has a whole section of featured books.

On Twitter, many of you shared your favorite books with characters of color:

Where’s The Color In Kids’ Lit? Ask The Girl With 1,000 Books (And Counting)

Marley Dias is like a lot of 11-year-olds: She loves getting lost in a book.

But the books she was reading at school were starting to get on her nerves. She enjoyed Where The Red Fern Grows and the Shiloh series, but those classics, found in so many elementary school classrooms, were all about white boys or dogs … or white boys and their dogs, Marley says.

Black girls, like Marley, were almost never the main character.

What she was noticing is actually a much bigger issue: Fewer than 10 percent of children’s books released

There Is No FDA For Education. Maybe There Should Be

Has American education research mostly languished in an echo chamber for much of the last half century?

Harvard’s Thomas Kane thinks so.

Why have the medical and pharmaceutical industries and Silicon Valley all created clear paths to turn top research into game-changing innovations, he asks, while education research mostly remains trapped in glossy journals?

Kane, a professor of education at Harvard’s Graduate School of Education, points out that there is no effective educational equivalent of the Food and Drug Administration, where medical research is rigorously vetted and translated into solutions. Maybe, he says, there should be.

It’s been 50 years since the publication of the highly influential “Equality of Educational Opportunity” study — better known as the Coleman Report, after its author, James Coleman. And after a half-century, Kane writes in a new article, we should have made much more progress toward closing the achievement gap: the educational equivalent of the fight against cancer.

Failure to do more, Kane argues, underscores the deep shortcomings of education research.

The Coleman Report drew national attention to chronic educational inequality and achievement gaps by race. And while scholarship and research since 1966 have challenged some

How To Be A Great Teacher From 12 Great Teachers

Great teachers have two things in common: an exceptional level of devotion to their students, and the drive to inspire each one to learn and succeed.

At NPR Ed we’re just about halfway through our 50 Great Teachers project.

We’ve profiled teachers at all levels, in all subjects, from all over the country and overseas too. The series has taken us from rural Drumright, Okla., to a mountaintop in Israel. From a jazz class in New Orleans to a Boy Scout troop in South Central LA to the lost world of ancient Greece.

And so we’ve taken a moment here to pull from those stories some of the thoughts and lessons from those teachers that have stuck with us.

Together, they almost make a mini-guide for teachers.

1. Realize Teaching Is A Learned Skill

“I’m really trying hard to dispel this idea that teaching is this thing you’re born to do and it’s somehow natural to everyday life. I don’t think either of those things is true.”

Deborah Ball, dean of the School of Education at the University of Michigan.

2. Get To The Truth

“I’ll tell you the

Cons and pros of online hotel booking

When you are planning your long-awaited travel, the only one thing you cannot miss is a comfort. It does not matter if it is a 2-days business trip or 2-weeks holidays with your family, it should be pleasant and unforgettable. That is why we would recommend you to book Treasure Bay hotel and Marina on Treasure Island in Florida, USA. Here a wide range of services will make you feel like a celebrity. Visit this spectacular place to enjoy yourself.

As long as we discuss the hotels, how you book the place where you want to spend your weekend is another significant issue. Probably, the most frequent question travellers ask is “What are cons and pros of online hotel booking?”

We now live in the era of advanced technologies; therefore, get the booking done in a minute is very convenient. Yet, this option has deficient sides as well. Follow us and discover what are benefits and disadvantages of web hotel booking.


  • Inability to look around the room that you like and want to book. Some hotels provide 3D tour around the hotel, however, it does not guarantee high-quality service and atmosphere
  • Not all hotels offer descriptions of the hotel itself, rooms and services in different

6 Education Stories To Watch In 2016

Claudio Sanchez is the senior member of the NPR Ed team, with more than 25 years on the education beat. We asked him for his list of the top stories he’ll be watching in 2016.

1. The New Federal Education Law

The long, grueling fight to overhaul the 14-year-old No Child Left Behind law is over, but that’ll turn out to be the easy part. The new Every Student Succeeds Act returns most government oversight of schools back to states. But there are no guarantees that the states will do a better job than the federal government in two key areas: closing the achievement gap and raising the performance of the absolute worst schools.

There will be some relief for students burdened by excessive testing. But for the most part states will continue to rely on test scores, using them to punish schools rather than for improving curriculum and instruction. Reading and math scores will drop for all kids on the new, tougher standardized tests linked to the Common Core. But the dismal performance of groups that struggle will trigger more scrutiny from civil rights groups in 2016. We’ll also see those groups pressure states to deal with teacher quality and funding.

2. Moving

Education thought leaders forecast 2016 trends

Student achievement is measured by more than a single assessment score. The trend of moving toward multiple measures, not just a test score, to determine the quality of a teacher, a school, and district will continue to resound with the voting public. People are joining a new TEA Party – Tested Enough Already.

Tracy Davison

Superintendent, Edmeston Central School, New York

Topic: Professional development

Trend: PLCs will be instituted to create a collaborative approach to increase student achievement.

Erica Goldstone

Director of equity & diversity, Davenport Community Schools, Iowa

Topic: Achievement gap

Trend: As a nation we must reverse the widening gap caused by poverty and innate bias to improve student achievement. We cannot afford to have ever increasing numbers of students who are ill prepared, illiterate and hopeless concerning their future. We need our “brain trust” to truly mean every student devoid of one’s race, ethnicity, sex, sexual orientation and economic background.

David Thompson

Director of student services, Buncombe County Schools, North Carolina

Topic: Testing & assessment

Trend: Research proves strong social and emotional skills are critical to being a good student, citizen and

DepEd sets February 15 deadline for SHS Voucher Program

The Department of Education (DepEd) has set February 15, 2016 as the deadline of application for the Senior High School (SHS) Voucher Program for Grade 10 completers who are not Education Service Contracting (ESC) grantees, who will pursue SHS in June 2016.

The SHS voucher program is a form of government subsidy which offers discount in school fees when a student enrolls in a private school that offers the SHS program, starting SY 2016-2017. It is intended for Grade 10 completers who wish to pursue SHS education in private high schools, local universities & colleges; state universities & colleges; and technical and vocational Schools.

Education Secretary Br. Armin A. Luistro FSC said the voucher program is a support mechanism to ease the financial load of parents who will send their children to SHS.

Non-ESC students from private Junior High School (JHS) may apply for vouchers subject to an assessment of their socioeconomic status. If deemed qualified, they will also receive 80% of the voucher value.

A qualified voucher recipient who successfully enrolls in a private SHS Provider becomes a Voucher Program Beneficiary (VPB). The SHS Voucher Program will only cover two years regardless of the number of years it takes for the student to

Education, agriculture among Poe’s priorities in 2016 bid

MANILA, Philippines – Sen. Grace Poe on Wednesday vowed to improve the country’s education, agriculture and infrastructure in her presidential bid for the 2016 elections.

Poe said in her speech that the there is a need to attend to the lack of classrooms and to maximize digital technology for education.

“Sisikapin natin na palawakin ang ating scholarship program at pagtibayin ang ‘study now pay later program,'” Poe said.

The senator added that she would push for programs that would help college students to find internships and jobs that would help them gain experience before graduating.

For the agriculture sector, Poe vowed to push for an effective program that would make fishing, farming and livestock propagation profitable.

Poe also promised to prioritize the country’s infrastructure.

Headlines ( Article MRec ), pagematch: 1, sectionmatch: 1

“Gagawin nating prayoridad ang pag-aayos ng ating mga imprastruktura – kalye, tren, airport, seaport o internet man,” the senator said.

She added that the country’s Internet speed should not be as slow as the traffic flow in EDSA.

“Sisikapin kong paangatin ang taunang budget para sa imprastruktura nang 7 percent ng GDP (gross domestic product),” Poe said.

Poe is set to release a comprehensive program for her presidential campaign in the next

Instructions for Authors for publishing in Research in Pedagogy Journal

Research in Pedagogy Journal is published 2 times per year by the Preschool Teacher Training College “Mihailo Palov”, Vrsac and the Serbian Academy for Education, Belgrade. The Journal considers all manuscripts on condition they are the property (copyright) of the submitting author(s) and that copyright will be transferred to Research in Pedagogy Journal and the Preschool teacher Training College “Mihailo Palov” Vrsac if the paper is accepted for publication.

The Journal Research in Pedagogy gives priority to empirical and applicable research, that is, research that is capable of being used in real educational settings. Studies in all settings for education, i.e. informal, primary, secondary, higher, adult, permanent, and vocational, are regarded as of equal importance. All papers which appear in the Journal Research in Pedagogy have been thoroughly peer-reviewed.


 Research in Pedagogy Journal is published in the English language, therefore the authors are asked to send the paper in the English language; please refrain from using letters which do not exist in the English alphabet in the body of the paper and in the bibliography. All of the references need to be written in the Latin script without the usage of any letters which do not exist in the English alphabet. Manuscript

The Problems with an Education in the Philippines

Well, I’ve already said quite a bit about the media, I know. However, I think it’s time we got to discuss the possible solutions to the rapidly degenerating literacy rate of the Philippines. First and foremost, just like Rizal, I think that education is indeed key to the success of any country. If we really want to lift ourselves up from being the laughing stock banana republic of Southeast Asia, then I think it’s time we tried to focus on the things that can help improve our knowledge and provide the right kind of lifestyle for the common Filipino citizen.

Unfortunately, just like the media, Philippine education seems to have its own set bizarre and unwanted issues that prevent it from being of greater help to the Filipino people:


Well, I’m sure that most of you are more than a little familiar with this one. I, for one, am not all that surprised about it either. Well, just so most of you know, it’s been stated that majority of the taxes we pay supposedly goes to the department of education. If that is indeed the case, why are there so many students in the Philippines who are

What’s wrong with the education system of the Philippines?

While I believe that the Filipino education system that I experienced (in private schools*) is not bad per se, here are the factors that need improvement:
  1. Compared to other countries, the Philippines may not have the budget to move to a more research-oriented academic culture (like the US) from just lecture-oriented (like Russia). Of course, the top universities constantly produce quality research output.
  2. While the “Big Four” universities (i.e., University of the Philippines, Ateneo de Manila University, De La Salle University-Manila, University of Santo Tomas) have world-class academic standards, there is still a big gap between the top universities and the other schools (particularly the public schools). What are the best schools in the Philippines?
  3. Not attracting enough foreign students. To be fair, some medical programs have attracted foreigners, particularly from the Middle East, but the Philippines is not yet known as the destination in Southeast Asia. The Big 4 universities have tried to encourage foreign exchange by adjusting their academic calendars (starting 2015) to make it compatible for foreign exchange programs with neighboring countries. I hope that the entire country will eventually follow this.
  4. Potential decline of quality English. Why do Filipinos speak

Corporatised education in the Philippines: Pearson, Ayala Corporation and the emergence of Affordable Private Education Centers (APEC)

This paper examines how, why, and with what consequences, corporate-led privatisations in Philippine education are taking shape, through an analysis of Affordable Private Education Centers (APEC). APEC is a for-profit chain of low-fee private schools (LFPS) established through a joint venture between two major multinational corporations, Pearson Plc and the Ayala Group. With the implementation of the new “K-12” system the Department of Education (DepED) plans to grow public-private partnerships and the education services industry in the Philippines so that private enterprise can expand private high school provision and help absorb excess demand. APEC, and its shareholders, plan to capitalise on this situation through its corporately owned and managed chain of for-profit high schools that aim to serve “economically disadvantaged” Filipino youth who are charged nominally “low-fees.”

The edu-business model implemented by APEC involves a number of cost-cutting techniques designed to minimise production costs, while increasing rates of profitability, which have had undesirable effects on teaching and learning. APEC also aims to (re)produce the human labour required by Ayala and other multinational companies by aligning its educational services with the labour needs of industry. By “reverse-engineering” its curriculum, APEC intends to produce graduates of a particular disposition with specific skills,

Philippines government ‘must do better’ to rebuild education

MANILA, 6 June 2014 (IRIN) – As some students in areas hit by the Philippines’s devastating Typhoon Haiyan troop back to school this month, the government’s efforts in rebuilding the education service has been met with concerns that, seven-months on, access to learning remains a challenge for far too many children.

The category 5 super typhoon that ravaged the central islands of the Philippines in November 2013 damaged some 2,500 schools and affected an estimated 1.4 million school-aged children. More than 500 day care centres were completely damaged and more than 2,000 suffered partial damage.

Government and aid agencies took advantage of the dry summer months of March and April to fast-track classroom maintenance. But, “classroom repairs are still a major problem,” Manan Kotak, an education specialist for the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) told IRIN.

As of 14 May more than 4,200 temporary learning spaces – tents or temporary structures made of corrugated metal and wood – had been established and over 515,000 children and teachers had received teaching and educational materials to replace those lost in the storm.

Department of Education (DepEd) officials reported 90 percent of students are enrolled in school,

Philippines: National Program Support for Basic Education


From one of the most highly-educated developing countries in the world in the1980s, the Philippines’ educational outcomes had fallen short of potential.Results of the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) in 2003 placed the country in the lowest 10 percent of participating countries in Grades 4 and 8. Internal testing by the Department of Education or DepEd showed that only 40 percent of 4th Grade students had mastered 3rd Grade, and 30 percent of first-year high school students had mastered 6th Grade competencies in English, math and science.

Reforms failed to resolve chronic shortages in textbooks and school buildings, and a revised curriculum and new instructional policies did not produce desired outcomes as real government spending on basic education failed to catch up with population growth and inflation.  However, between 2005-2013, public education spending almost tripled which had positive effects on education outcomes.


The National Program Support for Basic Education (NPSBE) played an important catalytic role in implementing the government’s Basic Education Reform Agenda (BESRA) over a six-year period (2006-2012). The project was the first Bank operation in the country that adopted a national program support approach which built the foundation for policy and

Page 1 of 2